INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION (3300-1300 BCE)
Ø Historical Importance
Ø Excavations and Discovery
The first recognised urban civilisation on the Indian subcontinent is the Indus valley civilization, commonly referred to as the Indus civilization or Harappan civilization. Although the southern sites may have persisted later into the second millennium BCE, the civilization's nuclear dates appear to be between 250 to 1700 BCE. Three distinct periods—the Early Harappan Phase (3300-2600 BCE), Mature Harappan Phase (2600-1900 BCE), and Late Harappan Phase—are frequently used to describe the Indus Valley Civilization's existence (1900-1300 BCE).
The Indus Valley Civilization is also among the most well-known of the three "Ancient East" societies—Mesopotamia and Pharaonic Egypt are the other two—that are thought to represent the origins of civilization in the old world of man. The Indus Valley Civilization thrived from 3300 to 1300 BCE in its early years and from 2600 to 1900 BCE in its prime years. This civilization's domain stretched from what is now northeast Afghanistan through Pakistan and northwest India along the Indus River. READ MORE…