Postcolonialism and Frantz Fanon (1925–1961)
In a time of anti-colonial liberation struggle, Frantz Omar Fanon (1925–1961), who was born on the island of Martinique under French colonial control, was one of the most significant thinkers in black Atlantic theory.
His writing draws inspiration from a variety of literary genres as well as psychology, philosophy, and political theory, and it has had a significant, long-lasting impact on the global South. In his lifetime, he released The Wretched of the Earth in 1961 and Black Skin, White Masks in 1952, both of which are important original works. A Dying Colonialism (1959) and Toward the African Revolution (1964), two collections of articles released posthumously. Additionally, he was given a position in psychiatry in 1953.
Concept of Self and Other
The psychological implications of colonialism on both the colonizer and the colonized were examined in his key writings, The Wretched of the Earth (1961) and Black Skin, White Masks (1967). Through representation and discourse, the native, according to Fanon, develops a sense of "self" as defined by the "colonial master," but the colonizer does the opposite and feels superior. As a result, Fanon creates a psychoanalytical theory of postcolonialism in which he contends that the European "Self" grows through interaction and relation to the "Other." READ MORE…